Institut für Philosophie; Universität Wien; Universitätsstraße 7; A-1010 WIEN; Email:; Webpage:
I. List of Academic Milestones and Relevant Positions Held to Date
Education: B.A. in Philosophy, University Jyväskylä, Finland, 1986; M.A. ("Licenciate") in History of
Ideas, University of Oulu, 1986; Ph.D., with Honours, History of Ideas, University of Oulu, 1989
Appointments: Visiting Assistant Prof., Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, 1991-92;
Visiting Prof., Department of Philosophy, University of Auckland, Summer 1993; Lecturer (later
Reader), Science Studies Unit, University of Edinburgh, 1993-1997; Lecturer (1997-2000), Reader
(2003) and then Professor (2003-2009) in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science,
University of Cambridge; Professor, Department of Philosophy, Univ. of Vienna, August 2009-present

II. Main Areas of Research
Philosophy of Science & Technology; Epistemology; Philosophy of the Social Sciences; Sociology of
Scientific Knowledge; German Philosophy 1830-1930

III. The Ten Most Important Academic Publications
(Single-authored) Language as Calculus vs. Language as the Universal Medium: A Study in Husserl,
Heidegger, and Gadamer, Kluwer (Series: Synthese Library--Studies in Epistemology, Logic,
Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, vol. 207), Dordrecht, 1989, XII & 362p.
(Single-authored) Psychologism: A Case Study in the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge, Routledge
(Series: Philosophical Issues in Science), London, 1995, XII & 315p. (Hardback and paperback in 1995.)
(Co-authored with Harry Collins) The Shape of Actions: What Humans and Machines Can Do, MIT
Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1998, XI & 212p. ISBN-10 : 9780262526524
(Single-authored) Psychological Knowledge: A Social History and Philosophy, Routledge (Series:
Philosophical Issues in Science), London, 1999, XIII & 413p. (Hardback in 1999, paperback in 2005.)
ISBN: 9780415379311
(Single-authored) Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology,
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002, XIV & 306p. (Hardback in 2002, paperback 2004.) ISBN:
(Single-authored), A Sceptical Guide to Meaning and Rules: Defending Kripke’s Wittgenstein, Acumen,
Chesham & McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal, 2006, xviii & 302p. (Hardback & paperback)
ISBN: 9780773531673
(Single-authored), Relativism in the Philosophy of Science, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,
2020 (ebook and paperback 2020) DOI:
“Relativist Stances, Virtues and Vices”, Aristotelian Society (Suppl. Vol.) 93 (2019): 271-91. doi:
“From Völkerpsychologie to the Sociology of Knowledge”, HOPOS 9 (2019): 250-74.
“Relativism in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge Revisited“, in N. Ashton et al. (eds), Social
Epistemology and Relativism, London. Routledge, 2020, 184-203, ISBN: 978-0-367-18938-9

IV. Additional Research Achievements
- A €2.5m Advanced Grant by the ERC for a project entitled “The Emergence of Relativism:
Historical, Philosophical and Sociological perspectives” (2014-2019).
- (As co-applicant:) A €1.5m FWF “Doctoral College” grant on “The Sciences in Historical,
Philosophical and Cultural Contexts” (2014-2018).
- Roughly another €400k from various other institutions such as the Wissenschaftskolleg zu
Berlin, the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and the Helsinki Collegium of Advanced
- Junior Research Fellow of the Academy of Finland, 1990-1;
- Fellow of the Alexander-von-Humboldt Stiftung, 1996-97;
- Fellow of the Wissenschaftskolleg, Berlin, October 2001 to July 2002;
- Distinguished Visiting Fellow, Helsinki Centre for Advanced Studies, 2008-2009;
- Leibniz Lecturer, Univ. Hannover, 2005;
- Member of the Finnish Academy, elected 2008;
- Member of the Academia Europaea, elected 2012;
- Member of the Institut International de Philosophie, elected 2017;
- Honorary Doctorate of the Univ. of Oulu 2018;
- Member of the Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences, elected 2021
- Univie Awards 2022: International Award; University of Vienna, 2022

V. Information on Publications
- ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4570-7272

VI. Major Advisory Positions
Advisor to the Commission of the EU on "the organization of science in the 21st century",
1994-95; External Assessor on the Philosophy Panel of the Finnish Academy, 2001, 2004;
Member of an interdisciplinary research project on the will, Max-Planck Institute, Munich,
2002-5; Member of the advisory committee of the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced
Studies, 2007, 2012-14; Member of a Selection Panel of the ERC for Starting Grant 2014-.